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List of Nobel Prize winners from the European Union

The source of following list is the “Nobel Prizes by category/country of birth” section of this article. Some of these winners are listed by multiple countries but in this list, they are listed only once unless a given person has obtained more than one prize.

NameCategoryYear
Emil Adolf von BehringPhysiology or Medicine1901
Frédéric PassyPeace1901
Henry DunantPeace1901
Jacobus Henricus van ‘t HoffChemistry1901
Sully PrudhommeLiterature1901
Wilhelm Conrad RöntgenPhysics1901
Hendrik LorentzPhysics1902
Hermann Emil FischerChemistry1902
Pieter ZeemanPhysics1902
Theodor MommsenLiterature1902
Antoine Henri BecquerelPhysics1903
Marie CuriePhysics1903
Niels Ryberg FinsenPhysiology or Medicine1903
Pierre CuriePhysics1903
Svante ArrheniusChemistry1903
Frédéric MistralLiterature1904
Institut de Droit InternationalPeace1904
José EchegarayLiterature1904
Adolf von BaeyerChemistry1905
Bertha von SuttnerPeace1905
Henryk SienkiewiczLiterature1905
Philipp LenardPhysics1905
Robert KochPhysiology or Medicine1905
Camillo GolgiPhysiology or Medicine1906
Giosuè CarducciLiterature1906
Henri MoissanChemistry1906
Santiago Ramón y CajalPhysiology or Medicine1906
Albert A. MichelsonPhysics1907
Charles Louis Alphonse LaveranPhysiology or Medicine1907
Eduard BuchnerChemistry1907
Ernesto Teodoro MonetaPeace1907
Louis RenaultPeace1907
Fredrik BajerPeace1908
Gabriel LippmannPhysics1908
Klas Pontus ArnoldsonPeace1908
Paul EhrlichPhysiology or Medicine1908
Rudolf Christoph EuckenLiterature1908
Auguste BeernaertPeace1909
Guglielmo MarconiPhysics1909
Karl Ferdinand BraunPhysics1909
Paul-Henri-Benjamin d’Estournelles de ConstantPeace1909
Selma LagerlöfLiterature1909
Wilhelm OstwaldChemistry1909
Albrecht KosselPhysiology or Medicine1910
Johannes Diderik van der WaalsPhysics1910
Otto WallachChemistry1910
Paul Johann Ludwig HeyseLiterature1910
Alfred Hermann FriedPeace1911
Allvar GullstrandPhysiology or Medicine1911
Marie CurieChemistry1911
Maurice MaeterlinckLiterature1911
Tobias AsserPeace1911
Wilhelm WienPhysics1911
Alexis CarrelPhysiology or Medicine1912
Gerhart HauptmannLiterature1912
Gustaf DalénPhysics1912
Paul SabatierChemistry1912
Victor GrignardChemistry1912
Alfred WernerChemistry1913
Charles RichetPhysiology or Medicine1913
Heike Kamerlingh OnnesPhysics1913
Henri La FontainePeace1913
Max von LauePhysics1914
Róbert BárányPhysiology or Medicine1914
Richard WillstätterChemistry1915
Romain RollandLiterature1915
Carl Gustaf Verner von HeidenstamLiterature1916
Henrik PontoppidanLiterature1917
Karl Adolph GjellerupLiterature1917
Fritz HaberChemistry1918
Max Karl Ernst Ludwig PlanckPhysics1918
Johannes StarkPhysics1919
Jules BordetPhysiology or Medicine1919
August KroghPhysiology or Medicine1920
Léon BourgeoisPeace1920
Walther NernstChemistry1920
Albert EinsteinPhysics1921
Anatole FranceLiterature1921
Hjalmar BrantingPeace1921
Jacinto BenaventeLiterature1922
Niels BohrPhysics1922
Otto Fritz MeyerhofPhysiology or Medicine1922
Friderik PreglChemistry1923
Fritz PreglChemistry1923
W. B. YeatsLiterature1923
Karl Manne SiegbahnPhysics1924
Willem EinthovenPhysiology or Medicine1924
Władysław ReymontLiterature1924
George Bernard ShawLiterature1925
Gustav Ludwig HertzPhysics1925
James FranckPhysics1925
Richard Adolf ZsigmondyChemistry1925
Aristide BriandPeace1926
Grazia DeleddaLiterature1926
Gustav StresemannPeace1926
Jean Baptiste PerrinPhysics1926
Johannes FibigerPhysiology or Medicine1926
Theodor SvedbergChemistry1926
Ferdinand BuissonPeace1927
Heinrich Otto WielandChemistry1927
Henri BergsonLiterature1927
Julius Wagner-JaureggPhysiology or Medicine1927
Ludwig QuiddePeace1927
Adolf Otto Reinhold WindausChemistry1928
Charles NicollePhysiology or Medicine1928
Christiaan EijkmanPhysiology or Medicine1929
Hans von Euler-ChelpinChemistry1929
Louis de BrogliePhysics1929
Thomas MannLiterature1929
Hans FischerChemistry1930
Karl LandsteinerPhysiology or Medicine1930
Nathan SöderblomPeace1930
Carl BoschChemistry1931
Friedrich BergiusChemistry1931
Otto Heinrich WarburgPhysiology or Medicine1931
Erik Axel KarlfeldtLiterature1931
Werner Karl HeisenbergPhysics1932
Erwin SchrödingerPhysics1933
Ivan BuninLiterature1933
Luigi PirandelloLiterature1934
Carl von OssietzkyPeace1935
Frédéric Joliot-CurieChemistry1935
Hans SpemannPhysiology or Medicine1935
Irène Joliot-CurieChemistry1935
Otto LoewiPhysiology or Medicine1936
Peter DebyeChemistry1936
Victor Francis HessPhysics1936
Albert Szent-GyörgyiPhysiology or Medicine1937
Roger Martin du GardLiterature1937
Corneille HeymansPhysiology or Medicine1938
Enrico FermiPhysics1938
Richard KuhnChemistry1938
Adolf ButenandtChemistry1939
Frans Eemil SillanpääLiterature1939
Gerhard DomagkPhysiology or Medicine1939
Leopold RužičkaChemistry1939
George de HevesyChemistry1943
Henrik DamPhysiology or Medicine1943
Otto SternPhysics1943
Isidor Isaac RabiPhysics1944
Johannes V. JensenLiterature1944
Otto HahnChemistry1944
Artturi Ilmari VirtanenChemistry1945
Ernst Boris ChainPhysiology or Medicine1945
Wolfgang PauliPhysics1945
Hermann HesseLiterature1946
André GideLiterature1947
Carl Ferdinand CoriPhysiology or Medicine1947
Gerty CoriPhysiology or Medicine1947
Arne TiseliusChemistry1948
António Egas MonizPhysiology or Medicine1949
Kurt AlderChemistry1950
Otto DielsChemistry1950
Tadeusz ReichsteinPhysiology or Medicine1950
Ernest WaltonPhysics1951
Léon JouhauxPeace1951
Pär LagerkvistLiterature1951
Albert SchweitzerPeace1952
François MauriacLiterature1952
Frits ZernikePhysics1953
Fritz Albert LipmannPhysiology or Medicine1953
Hans Adolf KrebsPhysiology or Medicine1953
Hermann StaudingerChemistry1953
Max BornPhysics1954
Walther BothePhysics1954
Hugo TheorellPhysiology or Medicine1955
Polykarp KuschPhysics1955
André Frédéric CournandPhysiology or Medicine1956
Juan Ramón JiménezLiterature1956
Werner ForssmannPhysiology or Medicine1956
Albert CamusLiterature1957
Daniel BovetPhysiology or Medicine1957
Dominique PirePeace1958
Emilio SegrèPhysics1959
Jaroslav HeyrovskýChemistry1959
Salvatore QuasimodoLiterature1959
Severo OchoaPhysiology or Medicine1959
Saint-John PerseLiterature1960
Georg von BékésyPhysiology or Medicine1961
Rudolf MössbauerPhysics1961
Dag HammarskjöldPeace1961
Max PerutzChemistry1962
Eugene WignerPhysics1963
Giorgos SeferisLiterature1963
Giulio NattaChemistry1963
J. Hans D. JensenPhysics1963
Karl ZieglerChemistry1963
Maria Goeppert-MayerPhysics1963
Feodor Felix Konrad LynenPhysiology or Medicine1964
Konrad BlochPhysiology or Medicine1964
Jean-Paul SartreLiterature1964
André LwoffPhysiology or Medicine1965
François JacobPhysiology or Medicine1965
Jacques MonodPhysiology or Medicine1965
Alfred KastlerPhysics1966
Nelly SachsLiterature1966
Hans BethePhysics1967
Manfred EigenChemistry1967
Ragnar GranitPhysiology or Medicine1967
René CassinPeace1968
Jan TinbergenEconomics1969
Max DelbrückPhysiology or Medicine1969
Salvador LuriaPhysiology or Medicine1969
Samuel BeckettLiterature1969
Bernard KatzPhysiology or Medicine1970
Hannes AlfvénPhysics1970
Louis NéelPhysics1970
Luis Federico LeloirChemistry1970
Ulf von EulerPhysiology or Medicine1970
Dennis GaborPhysics1971
Gerhard HerzbergChemistry1971
Willy BrandtPeace1971
Heinrich BöllLiterature1972
Ernst Otto FischerChemistry1973
Karl von FrischPhysiology or Medicine1973
Konrad LorenzPhysiology or Medicine1973
Nikolaas TinbergenPhysiology or Medicine1973
Albert ClaudePhysiology or Medicine1974
Christian de DuvePhysiology or Medicine1974
Eyvind JohnsonLiterature1974
Friedrich HayekEconomics1974
George E. PaladePhysiology or Medicine1974
Gunnar MyrdalEconomics1974
Harry MartinsonLiterature1974
Seán MacBridePeace1974
Aage BohrPhysics1975
Ben Roy MottelsonPhysics1975
Eugenio MontaleLiterature1975
Renato DulbeccoPhysiology or Medicine1975
Tjalling C. KoopmansEconomics1975
Vladimir PrelogChemistry1975
Betty WilliamsPeace1976
Mairead CorriganPeace1976
Andrew SchallyPhysiology or Medicine1977
Bertil OhlinEconomics1977
Ilya PrigogineChemistry1977
Roger GuilleminPhysiology or Medicine1977
Vicente AleixandreLiterature1977
Arno PenziasPhysics1978
Henry KissingerPeace1978
Isaac Bashevis SingerLiterature1978
Menachem BeginPeace1978
Georg WittigChemistry1979
Odysseas ElytisLiterature1979
Czesław MiłoszLiterature1980
Jean DaussetPhysiology or Medicine1980
Elias CanettiLiterature1981
Kai SiegbahnPhysics1981
Nicolaas BloembergenPhysics1981
Roald HoffmannChemistry1981
Torsten WieselPhysiology or Medicine1981
Aaron KlugChemistry1982
Alva MyrdalPeace1982
Bengt I. SamuelssonPhysiology or Medicine1982
Sune BergströmPhysiology or Medicine1982
Gérard DebreuEconomics1983
Lech WałęsaPeace1983
Carlo RubbiaPhysics1984
Georges J.F. KöhlerPhysiology or Medicine1984
Jaroslav SeifertLiterature1984
Niels Kaj JernePhysiology or Medicine1984
Simon van der MeerPhysics1984
Claude SimonLiterature1985
Franco ModiglianiEconomics1985
Klaus von KlitzingPhysics1985
Elie WieselPeace1986
Ernst RuskaPhysics1986
Gerd BinnigPhysics1986
John PolanyiChemistry1986
Rita Levi-MontalciniPhysiology or Medicine1986
J. Georg BednorzPhysics1987
Jean-Marie LehnChemistry1987
Hartmut MichelChemistry1988
Jack SteinbergerPhysics1988
Johann DeisenhoferChemistry1988
Maurice AllaisEconomics1988
Robert HuberChemistry1988
Camilo José CelaLiterature1989
Hans G. DehmeltPhysics1989
Wolfgang PaulPhysics1989
Bert SakmannPhysiology or Medicine1991
Erwin NeherPhysiology or Medicine1991
Pierre-Gilles de GennesPhysics1991
Georges CharpakPhysics1992
George Andrew OlahChemistry1994
John HarsanyiEconomics1994
Reinhard SeltenEconomics1994
Shimon PeresPeace1994
Christiane Nüsslein-VolhardPhysiology or Medicine1995
Joseph RotblatPeace1995
Paul J. CrutzenChemistry1995
Séamus HeaneyLiterature1995
Carlos Filipe Ximenes BeloPeace1996
José Ramos-HortaPeace1996
Wisława SzymborskaLiterature1996
Claude Cohen-TannoudjiPhysics1997
Dario FoLiterature1997
Jens Christian SkouChemistry1997
David TrimblePeace1998
Horst L. StörmerPhysics1998
John HumePeace1998
José de Sousa SaramagoLiterature1998
Walter KohnChemistry1998
Gerard ‘t HooftPhysics1999
Günter BlobelPhysiology or Medicine1999
Günter GrassLiterature1999
Martinus J. G. VeltmanPhysics1999
Médecins Sans FrontièresPeace1999
Arvid CarlssonPhysiology or Medicine2000
Eric KandelPhysiology or Medicine2000
Gao XingjianLiterature2000
Herbert KroemerPhysics2000
Wolfgang KetterlePhysics2001
Imre KertészLiterature2002
Riccardo GiacconiPhysics2002
Avram HershkoChemistry2004
Elfriede JelinekLiterature2004
International Atomic Energy AgencyPeace2005
Theodor W. HänschPhysics2005
Yves ChauvinChemistry2005
Albert FertPhysics2007
Gerhard ErtlChemistry2007
Leonid HurwiczEconomics2007
Mario R. CapecchiPhysiology or Medicine2007
Peter GrünbergPhysics2007
Françoise Barré-SinoussiPhysiology or Medicine2008
Harald zur HausenPhysiology or Medicine2008
J. M. G. Le ClézioLiterature2008
Luc MontagnierPhysiology or Medicine2008
Martti AhtisaariPeace2008
Herta MüllerLiterature2009
Andre GeimPhysics2010
Christopher A. PissaridesEconomics2010
Mario Vargas LlosaLiterature2010
Jules A. HoffmannPhysiology or Medicine2011
Tomas TranströmerLiterature2011
Serge HarochePhysics2012
François EnglertPhysics2013
Martin KarplusChemistry2013
Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical WeaponsPeace2013
Thomas C. SüdhofPhysiology or Medicine2013
Jean TiroleEconomics2014
Patrick ModianoLiterature2014
Stefan HellChemistry2014
Tomas LindahlChemistry2015
William C. CampbellPhysiology or Medicine2015
Ben FeringaChemistry2016
Bengt R. HolmströmEconomics2016
Jean-Pierre SauvageChemistry2016
Joachim FrankChemistry2017
Rainer WeissPhysics2017
Gérard MourouPhysics2018
Olga TokarczukLiterature2018
Esther DufloEconomics2019
Peter HandkeLiterature2019
Emmanuelle CharpentierChemistry2020
Reinhard GenzelPhysics2020
Benjamin ListChemistry2021
Giorgio ParisiPhysics2021
Guido ImbensEconomics2021
Klaus Hasselmann

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