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List of Nobel laureates by country

This is a list of Nobel Prize laureates by country. Listings for Economics refer to the related Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. The Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic Sciences have been awarded 567 times to 889 recipients, of which 26 awards (all Peace Prizes) were to organizations. Due to some recipients receiving multiple awards, the total number of recipients is 860 individuals and 22 organizations.

The present list ranks laureates under the country/countries that are stated by the Nobel Prize committee on its website. The list does not distinguish between laureates who received a full prize and the majority who shared a prize. Some laureates are listed under more than one country, because the official website mentions multiple countries in relation to the laureate. If a country is merely mentioned as the place of birth, an asterisk (*) is used in the respective listing to indicate this. In this case, the birth country is mentioned in italics at the other listings of this laureate. Organizations are listed here if the Nobel Prize committee relates them to a single country.

Summary

CountryNumber of Nobel laureates
(Number of Nobel Prizes)
 United States398 (400)
 European Union361
 United Kingdom137 (138)
 Germany112
 France70 (71)
 Russia/ Soviet Union32
 Sweden32
 Japan29
 Canada28
  Switzerland27
 Austria22
 Netherlands22
 Italy21
 Poland18 (19)
 Denmark13
 Hungary13
 Israel13
 Norway13
 Australia12
 India12
 Belgium11
 Ireland11
 South Africa11
 China, (People’s Republic of China)9
 Spain8
 Czech Republic6
 Ukraine6
 Argentina5
 Finland5
 Romania5
 Egypt4
 Taiwan, (Republic of China)4
 Lithuania3
 Mexico3
 New Zealand3
 Algeria2
 Belarus2
 Bosnia and Herzegovina2
 Chile2
 Colombia2
 Croatia2
 East Timor2
 Greece2
 Guatemala2
 Liberia2
 Luxembourg2
 Pakistan2
 Portugal2
 Saint Lucia2
 Turkey2
 Yugoslavia2
 Bangladesh1
 Brazil1
 Bulgaria1
 Costa Rica1
 Cyprus1
 Democratic Republic of the Congo1
 Ethiopia1
 Faroe Islands1
 Ghana1
 Hong Kong1
 Iceland1
 Iraq1
 Iran1
 Kenya1
 Latvia1
 Lebanon1
 North Macedonia1
 Morocco1
 Myanmar1
 Nigeria1
 Palestine1
 Peru1
 Philippines1
 Slovenia1
 Korea, South1
 Tanzania1
 Tibet1
 Trinidad and Tobago1
 Tunisia1
 Venezuela1
 Vietnam1
 Yemen1

Nobel Prizes by category/country of birth

Argentina

  1. César Milstein*, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
  2. Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Peace, 1980
  3. Luis Federico Leloir, Chemistry, 1970
  4. Bernardo Houssay, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
  5. Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Peace, 1936

Armenia

  1. Ardem Patapoutian*, Physiology or Medicine, 2021

Australia

Main article: List of Australian Nobel laureates

  1. Brian Schmidt, born in the United States, Physics, 2011
  2. Elizabeth Blackburn*, Physiology or Medicine, 2009
  3. Barry Marshall, Physiology or Medicine, 2005
  4. J. Robin Warren, Physiology or Medicine, 2005
  5. Peter C. Doherty, Physiology or Medicine, 1996
  6. Rolf Zinkernagel, Physiology or Medicine, 1996
  7. John Cornforth*, Chemistry, 1975
  8. Patrick White, born in the United Kingdom, Literature, 1973
  9. Aleksandr M. Prokhorov, Physics, 1964
  10. John Carew Eccles, Physiology or Medicine, 1963
  11. Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Physiology or Medicine, 1960
  12. Howard Florey, Physiology or Medicine, 1945
  13. William Lawrence Bragg, Physics, 1915
  14. William Henry Bragg, Physics, 1915

Austria

  1. Peter Handke, Literature, 2019
  2. Martin Karplus*, Chemistry, 2013
  3. International Atomic Energy Agency, Peace, 2005
  4. Elfriede Jelinek, Literature, 2004
  5. Eric Kandel*, Physiology or Medicine, 2000
  6. Walter Kohn*, Chemistry, 1998
  7. Friedrich Hayek, Economics, 1974
  8. Konrad Lorenz, Physiology or Medicine, 1973
  9. Karl von Frisch*, Physiology or Medicine, 1973
  10. Max Perutz, Chemistry, 1962
  11. Wolfgang Pauli, Physics, 1945
  12. Richard Kuhn*, Chemistry, 1938
  13. Otto Loewi, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1936
  14. Victor Francis Hess, Physics, 1936
  15. Erwin Schrödinger, Physics, 1933
  16. Karl Landsteiner, Physiology or Medicine, 1930
  17. Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Physiology or Medicine, 1927
  18. Richard Adolf Zsigmondy, Chemistry, 1925
  19. Fritz Pregl, born in Austria-Hungary, now Slovenia, Chemistry, 1923
  20. Róbert Bárány, Physiology or Medicine, 1914
  21. Alfred Hermann Fried, Peace, 1911
  22. Bertha von Suttner, born in the Austrian Empire, now Czech Republic, Peace, 1905

Bangladesh

  1. Muhammad Yunus, Peace, 2006

Belarus

  1. Svetlana Alexievich, born in Ukraine, Literature, 2015
  2. Zhores Alferov*, Physics, 2000

Belgium

  1. François Englert, Physics, 2013
  2. Ilya Prigogine, born in Russia, Chemistry, 1977
  3. Christian de Duve, born in the United Kingdom, Physiology or Medicine, 1974
  4. Albert Claude, Physiology or Medicine, 1974
  5. Dominique Pire, Peace, 1958
  6. Corneille Heymans, Physiology or Medicine, 1938
  7. Jules Bordet, Physiology or Medicine, 1919
  8. Henri La Fontaine, Peace, 1913
  9. Maurice Maeterlinck, Literature, 1911
  10. Auguste Beernaert, Peace, 1909
  11. Institut de Droit International, Peace, 1904

Bosnia and Herzegovina

  1. Ivo Andrić*, born in Condominium of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Austria-Hungary (now Bosnia and Herzegovina), Literature, 1961
  2. Vladimir Prelog*, born in Condominium of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Austria-Hungary (now Bosnia and Herzegovina), Chemistry, 1975

Brazil

  1. Peter Medawar*, Physiology or Medicine, 1960

Bulgaria

  1. Elias Canetti*, Literature, 1981

Canada

  1. David Card, Economics, 2021
  2. Jim Peebles, Physics, 2019
  3. Donna Strickland, Physics, 2018
  4. Arthur B. McDonald, Physics, 2015
  5. Alice Munro, Literature, 2013
  6. Ralph M. Steinman, Physiology or Medicine, 2011
  7. Willard S. Boyle*, Physics, 2009
  8. Jack W. Szostak, born in the United Kingdom, Physiology or Medicine, 2009
  9. Robert Mundell, Economics, 1999
  10. Myron Scholes*, Economics, 1997
  11. William Vickrey*, Economics, 1996
  12. Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, Peace, 1995
  13. Bertram Brockhouse, Physics, 1994
  14. Michael Smith, born in the United Kingdom, Chemistry, 1993
  15. Rudolph A. Marcus*, Chemistry, 1992
  16. Richard E. Taylor, Physics, 1990
  17. Sidney Altman*, Chemistry, 1989
  18. John Polanyi, born in Germany, Chemistry, 1986
  19. Henry Taube*, Chemistry, 1983
  20. David H. Hubel*, Physiology or Medicine, 1981
  21. Saul Bellow*, Literature, 1976
  22. Gerhard Herzberg, born in Germany, Chemistry, 1971
  23. Charles B. Huggins*, Physiology or Medicine, 1966
  24. Lester B. Pearson, Peace, 1957
  25. William Giauque*, Chemistry, 1949
  26. Frederick G. Banting, Physiology or Medicine, 1923
  27. John James Rickard Macleod, born in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Physiology or Medicine, 1923
  28. Ernest Rutherford, born in New Zealand, Chemistry, 1908

Chile

  1. Pablo Neruda, Literature, 1971
  2. Gabriela Mistral, Literature, 1945

Taiwan, (Republic of China)

  1. Yuan T. Lee, Chemistry, 1986*
  2. Samuel C. C. Ting, Physics 1976*
  3. Chen-Ning Yang, Physics, 1957*
  4. Tsung-Dao Lee, Physics, 1957*

China, (People’s Republic of China)

  1. Tu Youyou, Physiology or Medicine, 2015
  2. Mo Yan, Literature, 2012
  3. Liu Xiaobo, Peace, 2010
  4. Charles K. Kao*, Physics, 2009
  5. Gao Xingjian*, Literature, 2000
  6. Daniel C. Tsui*, Physics, 1998
  7. Samuel C. C. Ting*, Physics 1976
  8. Chen-Ning Yang*, Physics, 1957
  9. Tsung-Dao Lee*, Physics, 1957

Colombia

  1. Juan Manuel Santos Calderón, Peace, 2016
  2. Gabriel García Márquez, Literature, 1982

Congo, Democratic Republic

  1. Denis Mukwege, Peace, 2018

Costa Rica

  1. Óscar Arias Sánchez, Peace, 1987

Croatia

  1. Leopold Ružička*, Ethnic Croat and national born in the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, Austro-Hungarian Empire (now Croatia), Chemistry, 1939
  2. Vladimir Prelog*, Ethnic Croat and national born in Condominium of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Austro-Hungarian Empire (now Bosnia and Herzegovina), Chemistry, 1975

Cyprus

  1. Christopher A. Pissarides*, Economics, 2010

Czech Republic

  1. Peter Grünberg*, born in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, (now Czech Republic), Physics, 2007
  2. Jaroslav Seifert, born in Prague, Austria-Hungary, (now Czech Republic), Literature, 1984
  3. Jaroslav Heyrovský, born in Prague, Austria-Hungary, (now Czech Republic), Chemistry, 1959
  4. Carl Ferdinand Cori*, born in Prague, Austria-Hungary, (now Czech Republic), Physiology or Medicine, 1947
  5. Gerty Cori*, born in Prague, Austria-Hungary, (now Czech Republic), Physiology or Medicine, 1947
  6. Bertha von Suttner*, born in Prague, Austria-Hungary, (now Czech Republic), Peace, 1905

Denmark

  1. Jens Christian Skou, Chemistry, 1997
  2. Niels Kaj Jerne, born in United Kingdom, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
  3. Aage Bohr, Physics, 1975
  4. Ben Roy Mottelson, born in United States, Physics, 1975
  5. Johannes V. Jensen, Literature, 1944
  6. Henrik Dam, Physiology or Medicine, 1943
  7. Johannes Fibiger, Physiology or Medicine, 1926
  8. Niels Bohr, Physics, 1922
  9. August Krogh, Physiology or Medicine, 1920
  10. Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Literature, 1917
  11. Henrik Pontoppidan, Literature, 1917
  12. Fredrik Bajer, Peace, 1908
  13. Niels Ryberg Finsen, born in Faroe Islands, Physiology or Medicine, 1903

East Timor

  1. Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo, Peace, 1996
  2. José Ramos-Horta, Peace, 1996

Egypt

  1. Mohamed ElBaradei, Peace, 2005
  2. Ahmed Zewail, Chemistry, 1999
  3. Naguib Mahfouz, Literature, 1988
  4. Anwar Sadat, Peace, 1978

Ethiopia

  1. Abiy Ahmed Ali, Peace, 2019

Faroe Islands

  1. Niels Ryberg Finsen*, Physiology or Medicine, 1903

Finland

  1. Bengt R. Holmström, Economics, 2016
  2. Martti Ahtisaari, Peace, 2008
  3. Ragnar Granit, born in the Grand Duchy of Finland, a part of the Russian Empire in 1809–1917, Physiology or Medicine, 1967
  4. Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, born in the Grand Duchy of Finland, a part of the Russian Empire in 1809–1917, Chemistry, 1945
  5. Frans Eemil Sillanpää, born in the Grand Duchy of Finland, a part of the Russian Empire in 1809–1917, Literature, 1939

France

  1. Emmanuelle Charpentier, Chemistry, 2020
  2. Esther Duflo, Economics, 2019
  3. Gérard Mourou, Physics, 2018
  4. Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Chemistry, 2016
  5. Jean Tirole, Economics, 2014
  6. Patrick Modiano, Literature, 2014
  7. Serge Haroche, born in Morocco, then under French protectorate, Physics, 2012
  8. Jules A. Hoffmann, born in Luxembourg, Physiology or Medicine, 2011
  9. J. M. G. Le Clézio, Literature, 2008
  10. Luc Montagnier, Physiology or Medicine, 2008
  11. Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, Physiology or Medicine, 2008
  12. Albert Fert, Physics, 2007
  13. Yves Chauvin, Chemistry, 2005
  14. Gao Xingjian, born in China, Literature, 2000
  15. Médecins Sans Frontières, Peace, 1999
  16. Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, born in French Algeria, Physics, 1997
  17. Georges Charpak, born in then Poland (Second Polish Republic), now Ukraine, Physics, 1992
  18. Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, Physics, 1991
  19. Maurice Allais, Economics, 1988
  20. Jean-Marie Lehn, Chemistry, 1987
  21. Claude Simon, Literature, 1985
  22. Gérard Debreu, Economics, 1983
  23. Jean Dausset, Physiology or Medicine, 1980
  24. Roger Guillemin*, Physiology or Medicine, 1977
  25. Seán MacBride*, Peace, 1974
  26. Louis Néel, Physics, 1970
  27. Luis Federico Leloir*, Chemistry, 1970
  28. René Cassin, Peace, 1968
  29. Alfred Kastler, Physics, 1966
  30. François Jacob, Physiology or Medicine, 1965
  31. Jacques Monod, Physiology or Medicine, 1965
  32. André Lwoff, Physiology or Medicine, 1965
  33. Jean-Paul Sartre, Literature, 1964 (declined the prize)
  34. Saint-John Perse, Literature, 1960
  35. Albert Camus, born in French Algeria, Literature, 1957
  36. André Frédéric Cournand, Physiology or Medicine, 1956
  37. François Mauriac, Literature, 19

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